Because of Matt. 24:36 & Mark 13:32 where our Lord said, “But of that day and hour no one knows, neither the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father” some students of the Bible ask this questions: “If Christ is God and God knows everything, why is it that Christ doesn’t know the day and hour of his second coming and the destruction of Jerusalem?”
My opinion on this matter is that since our Lord possessed two natures according to Colossians 2:9 and 1 Timothy 3:16, the divine and the human, the one referred to as not knowing is the human aspect of our Lord. I’ve repeatedly said that when one aspect of his personality comes out or is referred to, the second aspect of his personality doesn’t automatically come out.
This sequel is now the sixth of a series. I’ve submitted many verses wherein Christ’s deity is referred to. When Christ’s attributes or characteristic as deity is referred to, people don’t complain why his human attributes don’t come out. But when his human attribute or characteristic is referred to, people demand that his divine attribute should automatically come out. That is not a logical way of reasoning.
We should ask the objectors or doubters to answer this question: “When Christ’s human attribute or characteristic is referred to in a passage, why do you demand that His divine attribute or characteristic should come out automatically, but when Christ’s divine attribute or characteristic is referred to in a passage, why do you NOT demand that His human attribute or characteristic should come out automatically?”
The case of Matt. 24:36 & Mark 13:32 is parallel to the case of Matt. 27:46 & Mark 15:34 where Christ shouted, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” This is the human side of Christ complaining and not His divine side. It is humanity, starting with Eve and continuing to this day, that commits sin, and it should be humanity, the humanity of Jesus, that suffered to answer the demands of divine justice: the punishment of sin. Humanity has sinned, humanity has to suffer its penalty. The humanity of our Lord Jesus Christ suffered the penalty of sin.
Let’s continue this submission of verses using the NKJV :
- John 10:15, “As the Father knows Me, I know the Father” Is the humanity of Christ that absolutely knows the Father? __Yes/No. Should you demand that Jesus doesn’t know the Father?
- John 10:30, “I and my Father are one.” Is Christ’s humanity that is one with the Father? __
- Should you demand that Jesus declares that His humanity is not one with the Father? __
- John 10:36, “… whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world…” Is this the humanity of Christ? __
- John 11:38, “…the Father is in Me, and I in Him,” Is the humanity of Christ the one inextricably fused with the Father? __ Yes/No
- John 12:41, “These things Isaiah said when he saw His glory and spoke of Him.” Sino itong “His glory” “Him” that Isaiah saw 800 years before Christ was born in the flesh? Ito ba ang humanity of Christ or Christ’s deity?
- John 12:49-50, When is this sending by the Father? Was it before or after the first hour of Christ’s conception in Mary’s womb? Who is the one sent into the world: His humanity or deity? _____
- John 13:3, “… He had come from God and was going to God…” Who is this one who came from God: his humanity or his deity? ______
- John 14:1 &, 11, “…I am in the Father, and the Father in Me?…the Father dwells in Him…” Is the humanity or the deity of Christ that is completely congruent with the Father? _____
- John 16:5, “… I go away to Him who sent Me…” Who is going away who was sent by the Father? Is this Christ’s deity or humanity? _____
- John 16:14-15,“…He will take of what is Mine …all things that the Father are Mine …”
- Is Christ’s deity the one that possesses what the Father possesses?__Yes/No.
- What does the Father possess which Christ possesses?_____
- Can the humanity of Christ possess all what the Father possesses? _____
- Does the Father possess all wisdom and knowledge? __Yes/No.
- Does Christ have all that wisdom and knowledge of the Father? __ Yes/No.
- Is it the humanity or the deity of Christ that possess all wisdom and knowledge? _____
- John16:27, “… I came forth from God.” Who came forth from God: Christ’s humanity or deity? ___
- John 16:28, Who came forth from the Father and was sent into the world? There’s the coming forth and going back to the Father, the two actions done by one , is this Christ’s deity or humanity? ____
- John16:30, “… You know all things…” Is this Christ’s humanity knowing all things. __Yes/No.
- John 16:30, “…we believe that You came forth from God…” Who came forth from God, is it the humanity of Christ that came forth from God? ___
- John 17:5, “… O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself…” Is it the humanity of Christ that is glorified with the Father? __Yes/No.
- John 17:5, “…with the glory that I had with You before the world was.”
- Did Christ’s deity exist before the world was created? __Yes/No.
- Did Christ’s humanity exist with glory before the world was created? __ Yes/No.
- Is it right to ask: “If Christ is man, his humanity should have glory before the world was”? __
- John 17:8, “,,, I came forth from You…”
- Did Christ’s humanity come from the Father? __Yes/No.
- When was the sending by the Father, was it before Christ’s birth or after Christ’s birth? ____
- John 17:11, “… that they may be one as We are one.”
- Is the deity aspect of Christ the one that is one with the Father? __Yes/No.
- Is it the human aspect of Christ that is One with the Father? __Yes/No.
- Do you demand that both the deity and humanity aspects of Christ be one with the Father at the same time? __Yes/No.
- John 17:23, The Son is one with the Father, is the humanity of Christ one with the Father? __Yes/No.
- John 17:24, “…My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.”
- Did Christ possess his humanity before the creation of the world? __Yes/No.
- Did Christ possess humanity that the Father loved before the foundation of the world? __Yes/No.
- John 17:25, “… I have known you…” Is it the humanity of Christ that knows the absolutely deity of the Father? ___Yes/No. Kailan ang pagkasugong ito ni Cristo, was it before or after Christ’s birth? _____
- John 19:18,“…they crucified Him, and two others…”
- Is it the human Jesus that was crucified? __Yes/No.
- Is it the deity of Jesus that was crucified? __Yes/No.
- Is it the human flesh of the thieves that were crucified? __Yes/No.
- Was the spirit/soul of the thieves crucified? __Yes/No.
- John 20:28, “…my God, my God why have you forsaken me? ” Consider John 1:14 and Hebrews 2:14-18.
- What did Christ become so that he can become the same with humanity according to John 1:14 and Heb. 2:14? Humanity or deity? _____
- What aspect of Jesus suffered, was it his flesh or his deity, based on Heb. 2:10? _____
- John 21:17, “… Lord, You know all things…”
- Is the humanity aspect of Christ that knows all things? __ Yes/No.
- Is it the deity of Christ that knows all things? ___ Yes/No.
Observe closely: If you make Matt. 24:36 & Mark 13:32 as basis to claim that Jesus is completely ignorant you would CONTRADICT John 2:24 “He knew all men,” 25 “He knew what was in man;” John 16:14 “He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you,” speaking of the Holy Spirit as the one who speaks of the future, 15 – the Father has the prerogative of declaring this date the apostles were interested in; John 16:30 “Now we are sure that You know all things, and have no need that anyone should question you.” In John 21:17, Peter said, “Lord, You know all things.” Any Bible student who produces contradictions in scriptures is the one who is ignorant, not the Lord Jesus Christ. But if you make Christ’s human aspect in not knowing all things in order to evade an unnecessary question, and his deity knowing all things, then there is no contradiction.
Note: Our Lord in Matthew 24 and Mark 13 gives the warnings and signs of the end of Jerusalem and of His second coming. He tells them to go on with daily chores and be watchful. The disciples ought not to have asked a specific day and hour, but still they did ask for a specific day and hour. Such is lack of understanding. The disciples acted as simpletons. They should have not asked what they asked in Matt. 24:36 and Mark 13:32. In their simple curiosity and naivette, they still asked the question. Nakalimutan na ng mga alagad na sila mismo ang nagsabi sa John 16:30, “Alam na naming batid ninyo ang lahat ng bagay, at hindi na kailangang tanungin ninuman…” Di ba ang mga alagad ang mukhang tanga? Bakit ang ating Panginoon Jesus pa ang palalabasing tanga? Di ba tayong nagtatanong ang mga tanga?
What was important with our Lord is for disciples to go on with their daily chores, to be responsible, to be watchful all the time. Lessons from the Fig Tree, lessons from the Days of Noah, lessons of the Two Servants, lessons from the Ten Virgins, lessons from the Parable of the Talents were given. That should have been enough. These were enough revelation. So Christ should not give a specific day and hour. The Fig Tree does not reveal the specific day and hour of picking its ripe fruit; Noah didn’t ask the specific day and hour of the flood, the master didn’t reveal to the servants the specific day and hour of his return, the lender didn’t reveal to the borrower the specific day and hour of his arrival. The burden is upon the disciples and not upon the master. The burden is merely these: go on with your daily work, be faithful, be responsible, be watchful against infidelity and deceivers and all will be well. To reveal exact date and hour was not the practice of that time. Unlike today wherein airplanes and airconditioned buses reveal their Expected Time of Departure (ETD) and Expected Time of Arrival (ETA).
Our Lord employs his evasion in John 2:4: “… My hour has not yet come.” But still he did something for the sake of his mother. Mark 3:31-35 contains another evasion or multi-tasking style: Christ evades the physical relationship but he reveals and puts emphasis on the spiritual relationship. Did he reject physical relationship? No. Did he put priority on spiritual relationship? Yes. Our Lord told Simon Peter to in John 21:15-17 “feed My lambs, to tend My sheep, to feed My sheep.” Peter was curious about the disciple whom Jesus loved (v. 21-22). Jesus was evasive so he said, “If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you? You follow Me.” It’s the same principle here: do your job and don’t worry. Don’t mind the things that don’t belong to your jurisdiction. The same applies in Acts 1:3-8. Our Lord gave instructions about the apostles’ work but they managed to ask, “Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?” The apostles were curious about “time.” Once more He rebuked them by saying, “It is not for you to now times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority.” Jesus’ response is not a confession of lack of knowledge. It merely tells the apostles to “do the business assigned to you” and God will do things in His own way and in His own time.” ## -Eusebio Tanicala