Adam and Eve before the Fall (Series #2)

By Eusebio Tanicala

Eve was the first human to commit sin. Did God decree or predestine Eve to commit sin and be separated from God? Is it the Devil to be blamed in Eve’s committing the first sin? Or is the blame entirely on Eve’s?

Let’s analyze the situation of Eve before she committed the original human sin.

The material that God gathered with which He started to form man was dust or clay from the ground. The clay lump was lifeless. Then God breathed into the lifeless lump of clay and Adam became a living soul. See Genesis 2:7. Earlier God said, “Let us make man in our image.”  This means that Adam’s biological life as well as his spiritual Self were derived from God. In that principle or entity that God breathed into Adam’s nostril is the image of God in man.

What is the image of God that Adam and Eve took after God? Not the material dust which turned into flesh and bones. Obviously God’s image in Adam is that part that animated the lifeless lump of clay. It is the soul and the spirit or the soul-spirit which sometimes is called the inner man. James 2:26 says that when the spirit gets out of the body, the body becomes dead.

Therefore, it is clear that the soul-body entity is a personality as complete as any of the angelic individuals that were earlier created as recorded in Colossians 1:16-17. This soul-spirit entity has life as God has life. In addition, this soul-spirit entity gave Adam and Eve emotion, will, self-consciousness and reason. Emotion, will, self-consciousness and reason are also present with God. This spiritual aspect of man is the image of God in humanity.

This soul-spirit, the inner man in Adam and Eve’s personality possessed the following from the moment of creation: no sin, innocently holy, a knowledge of God, no knowledge of evil, no malice, heard God’s positive instruction permitting them that all fruits in the garden were for food, heard God’s instruction that the fruit of the tree at the middle of the garden which gives knowledge of good and evil should NOT be eaten, heard the warning that if they would eat the fruit of that tree at the middle of the garden they would surely die, enjoyed the frequent visits of God in the garden at the cool of day, they could exercise free will or self-decision, husband-wife relationship was God-given and blessed, animals were their playmates and friends, they were told to tend the garden without hard labor, food was easily available from the fruits of the trees, availability of the fruit of the tree of life, soul-spirit life was clean and nourished by God’s grace, soul-spirit personality directly connected to God’s life-sustaining grace like a fetus that is nourished thro the umbilical cord of the mother, and the soul-spirit entity enjoyed its close fellowship with God, the father of all spirits.

Life in the Garden of Eden, therefore, was blissful, easy, pure, holy, innocent, shielded by God’s grace and love.

How many days, how many months or how many years did Adam and Eve live in the garden in blissful innocence? There’s no biblical information on this matter.

(Note: The third series will analyze the motivations that pushed Eve to reach out to the fruit as well as the external factors that pushed her into the precipice.)

One Comment to “Adam and Eve before the Fall (Series #2)”

  1. “Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man [Adam], and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned” (Rom 5:12). This is the doctrine of original sin, Adam’s sinful nature passed on to all his descendants.

    “If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us” (1 John 1:8-10). This is the doctrine of the state of a believer called simul justus et peccator — at the same time righteous and sinner.

    Adam’s sinful nature is passed on to all his descendants–all humanity. But why, do you ask, can a believer not pass on his new nature to his children? Because a believer still has this sinful nature in him, although the Spirit dwells in him. This is why a Christian still struggles with sin in our present age (Romans 7), and also why all of the New Testament writers exhort us to strive and persevere in our sanctification. He will only come to a state of sinless perfection at the consummation. Of course, when that time comes, he will not be able to pass on his sinless nature to his children, because in the age to come, there will be no marriage.

    By the way, don’t drag Calvin’s name into this discussion. Like the spies who explored Canaan in advance of the Israelites in the wilderness and who found themselves as grasshoppers compared with the giants in the Promised Land, all of us today, including all those we think are theological giants, are as theological grasshoppers compared with Calvin. And not only Calvin, but all other leaders of the Reformation such as Luther, Bullinger, Zwingli, Knox, Beza, Bucer, Hus, Ridley, Latimer, Turretin and the Westminster divines (post-Reformation).

%d bloggers like this: