Attributes & Characteristics of Deity

By Eusebio Tanicala

(Note: This is another article that could add knowledge about the Holy Trinity which will in turn increase understanding about Tritheism and Unitarianist. Please don’t teach wrong arguments to our young preachers. These young preachers could be discouraged once they are confronted with the weakness of arguments they are initially taught. This is series #5).

Our ability to explain and demonstrate the Trinity of the Godhead is not objection-proof. But with some explanations to start with give basis for our belief. Belief in the Trinity has scriptural basis. It has logic in it.

The attributes and characteristics listed below could serve to measure persons who belong to the Godhead.

A. The true God is called God
1. Father – John 20:17; etc. Accepted fact,
2. Son – Heb. 1:8; Rom 9:5; Titus 2:13; Isa. 9:6; 1 John 5:20; John 1:1-3; John 20:28; Matt. 4:7
3. Holy Spirit – Acts 5:3-4
B. The true God is called Yahweh. The Old Testament books applied this name to the true God only.
1. Father – Deut. 6:3; etc. Accepted fact.
2. Son – Isaiah 40:3 cf. Matt. 3:3 & Luke 3:4-6
3. Holy Spirit – Micah 3:8 cf. Romans 15:19; John 3:34

C. The true God is Omnipotent (Boundless power)
1. Father – 2 Cor. 6:18; Rev. 21:22; Jer. 32:18, etc. Accepted
2. Son – John 5:19; John 13:3; Matt. 28:18; Rev. 1:7-8 cf. 17-18; Isa. 9:6
3. Holy Spirit – Micah 3:8; Rom 15:19; John 3:34

D. The true God is Omniscient (Boundless knowledge)
1. Father – Job 24:1; Acts 1:7; etc. Accepted fact.
2. Son – John 5:19-20; Jn 8:19; Jn. 13:3; Jn 16:15,30; Jn 18:4; Jn 21:17; Col. 2:2-3; 2:25; :35; Mtt. 9:4
3. Holy Spirit –1 Cor. 2:10-11

E. The true God is Omnipresent (Boundless presence)
1. Father – Jer. 23:23-24; etc Accepted fact.
2. Son – Matt. 18:20; Matt. 26:29; Matt. 28:20; 1 Cor. 10:16-17
3. Holy Spirit – Psalm 139:7-13; 1 Cor. 6:19

F. The true God is Eternal (Self-existing)
1. Father – Psalm 90:1-2; Deut. 33:27; etc. Accepted fact.
2. Son – Isaiah 9:6; 48:16; John 1:1; Heb. 1:12; Micah 5:2
3. Holy Spirit – Hebrew 9:14

G. The true God is Source of Spiritual & Physical Life
1. Father – John 5:26; Genesis 2:7; etc. Accepted fact.
2. Son – John 1:4; Jn 5:21; Jn 10:28; Jn 11:25-26; Jn 14:6; 1 John 1:1-3;
3. Holy Spirit – Isaiah 44:34; John 3:5

H. The true God Doesn’t Change in Essence
1. Father – James 1:17; etc. Accepted fact.
2. Son – Hebew 13:8; Rev. 1:4, 8, 17
3. Holy Spirit – Hebrew 9:14

I. The true God Is Worthy of Worship
1. Father – John 4:21, 24; etc. Accepted fact.
2. Son – Matt. 2:11; John 5:23; Phil. 2:9-10
3. Holy Spirit – Romans 2:9; 7:6; 8:26; Phil. 3:3; Jude 20

J. The true God Is Creator of all Invisible & Visible Beings
1. Father – Genesis 1:1; etc. Accepted
2. Son – John 1:3; Colossians 1:16-17; Heb. 1:8; 1 Cor. 8:6
3. Holy Spirit – Genesis 1:3; Job 26:13; Job 33:4; Psalm 104:30

K. The true God Is Savior of Mankind from Spiritual Death
1. Father – 1 Tim 4:10; etc. Accepted fact.
2. Son – Matt. 1:21; 1 Tim. 1:15; etc.
3. Holy Spirit – Ephesiasn 1:13-14; 2 Cor. 1:22

L. The true God Existed Before the Genesis 1:1 Creation
1. Father & Holy Spirit – Accepted fact.
2. Son: Was a spirit persona before creation. See the ff: Col. 1:16-17; John 1:3; Heb. 1:8; John  1:10-11; 17:5; Psalm 102:25-27.

Christ was a spirit persona before His becoming flesh sometimes appearing in material form as proven by the following passages: Genesis 18-19 the Yahweh who appeared as man is evidently the Second Person because the Father/God in full glory could not be seen; 1 Cor. 10:4 combined with Exodus 17:6 & Num. 20:11 prove that Christ was active and became a Rock. John 1:15, 30 and John 3:31 says that Christ had been ascending to heaven before He descended to become flesh. John 3:32; 5:19-20; 6:46, 48; John 8:38; 12:44-45 and 14:31 declare that Christ saw and heard heavenly things before He came down to earth and He testified about many of these things when he was on earth. Only when we accept that He was a spirit persona before his incarnation could these things be possible.

*Christ Existed as a spirit persona before the creation of the world in Genesis 1:1. This section will prove that Christ is not a mere human being given extra ordinary powers. When we could accept that Christ had a spirit persona before his becoming man, then we should accept that He is not a mere human being. And during the period of His incarnation from 1 to 33 A.D. He had two natures in His one persona: Divine and Human.

M. Yahweh Can Become What He Wants to Become
1. Father – He can manifest Himself to mankind. Accepted fact.
2. Holy Spirit – Could you tell yourself what form the Spirit worked on the material world in Genesis 1:3? He manifested Himself in the form of a Dove when Christ was baptized; form of cloven tongues of fire when He descended on the Apostles in the Day of Pentecost in Acts 2 .
3. Son – 1 Cor. 10:4; Exo. 17:6 & Num. 20:11 declare that Christ became a rock. I believe that it is more logical to say that Christ is the Yahweh that appeared as man in Gen. 18-19 than assigning this to the Father. He could be the Angel of Yahweh (if you accept that the general meaning of the term aggelos is messenger) in Judges chapters 6 and 13 there was fear of dying for having come “face to face” with the spirit being. This fear and reverence is not found when the Angel Gabriel appeared to the Virgin Mary in Luke 1. These manifestations were felt by the sense of seeing so it must have been physical in form.

* And if Satan the Devil could become a snake of flesh and bones when he tempted Adam and Eve, and if Satan could become an angel of light, it should be logical that Christ could become man.

In the above major attributes and characteristics, the three persons in the Godhead are united, congruent, intersecting, harmonious, same. The term applied to that perfect unity is the word “one.” If there be a higher level of unity and harmony among the three persons of Deity, I am willing to listen and consider any well documented evidence.

In the NKJV the following verses have the term “one” which the The Great Book, the New Testament in Plain English render “united.” Please check up the following: John 10:30, “united;” John 17:11, “united;” 22, “united;” 23, “united;” Acts 4:32, “shared everything;” Acts 5:12, “same purpose;” Romans 15:5, “agree with one another;” 6, “one voice, altogether;” 1 Cor. 1:10, “all of you must agree, no divisions among you;” 1 Cor. 3:8, “work together;” 1 Cor. 12:12, “body is a unit;” Ephesians 4:3, “Keep the Spirit’s unity.” #

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