By Eusebio Tanicala, Ph.D.
Adam and Eve committed sin when they ate the forbidden fruit. They sinned and died that very day. All humanity died at that very day of parental disobedience. Calvinism claims that every succeeding generation after Adam and Eve are also as dead as Adam and Eve. People dead in sin beget people dead in sin. The sin of parents are imputed to off springs. But the idea of Augustine about “adamic sin” or “inherited sin” is wrong. This idea of Augustine was accepted by John Calvin, a French lawyer, and calls it “total depravity.” He taught that all off springs of Adam and Eve are totally depraved, dead in sin, They are zombies. They are insensitive to the world. They could do nothing.
But the passages of the Bible overwhelmingly disagree with John Calvin’s idea. Notice the following passages: Deut. 24:16; 2 Kings 14:6; Jeremiah 31:30; 2 Chronicles 25:4. Please read these passages. Let’s notice Ezekiel 14:10 (NKJV) – “They shall bear their iniquity;” v. 13 – “When a land sins against me by persistent unfaithfulness, I will stretch out my hand against it…” v. 14 – Noah, David, Job are righteous people, if they were in certain towns in the midst of sinners they would not impute their righteousness upon others. V. 16—“they would deliver neither sons nor daughters, only they would be delivered.” Vs. 18, 20 teaches that the righteousness of the righteous are their own. If righteousness is not automatically imputed, it follows that guilt is not also automatically imputed.
Ezekiel 18:4 – The soul who sins shall die. Vs 5-9 – “But if a man is just and does what is lawful and right … If he has walked in all my statutes and kept my judgments faithfully … He is just he shall surely live! Says the Lord.” Vs. 10-13 – If a son does abominable things, “He shall surely die; his blood shall be upon him.” V. 17 – Son does not die for the iniquity of his father. V. 18 – The father dies for his own iniquity. v. 20- The soul who sins shall die, the son shall not bear the guilt of the father, and the father shall not bear the iniquity of his son.
Ezekiel 18:1-5 and 19:13-15. These parts strongly suggest the innocent state of children before they reach the age of accountability, the age of culpability.
The above passages clearly disprove the interpretation of John Calvin that off springs automatically inherit the death sentence of parents. John Calvin is wrong. The Lord God, Moses, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Jesus are right. #