Christianity and Islam – Comparison & Contrast (Series #5)

By Eusebio Tanicala, Ph.D.

(Brief review: In series #4, we presented a contradiction. The Angel Gabriel declares in the Gospel record that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. However, the Qur’an which is said to have been brought to Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel declares otherwise. The Qur’an says that Jesus Christ is NOT the Son of God. Since the Qur’an was written more than 600 years after the Gospel was written, it is the Qur’an that makes Angel Gabriel contradictory. Please evaluate this given argument. In this series #5, we move on to another step in our comparison and contrast).

Series #5 Title: Important and Credible Witnesses Testify that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

Introduction

Both Christianity and Islam believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah, the Christ, who is prophesied in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.

In the previous issue, we presented proofs that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. The passages cited are from the Gospel record which are accepted and believed by Muslims as coming from God. In this series number #5 we continue to build up our case which proves that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

This Father-Son relationship is moral and ethical. God is a spirit so we should not speak of God as a father who physically sired or generated a physical son. Jesus Christ, the second person in the Trinity, existed as a spirit persona before He became flesh or human in A.D. 1 of the Christian Era.

The Qur’an and Muslim apologists reject the Christian belief that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Several years ago, this writer received booklets from young Muslim propagandists. These booklets are The True Message of Jesus Christ by Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips; Just One Message by Dr. Naji I. Al-Arfaj, Ang Totoong Mensahe ni Cristo Jesus, lathalain ng F.G.O. sa Zulfi 11932-Saudi Arabia; and Christ in Islam by Ahmed Deedot. These booklets teach that Jesus Christ is not the Son of God.

If Muslims in public and in print deny that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, Christians should have the same right as well to reaffirm their belief in Jesus Christ as the Son of God in public and in print. If Muslim apologists seek to undermine the Bible by showing alleged inconsistencies, Christians should have the same right to show discrepancies in the Qur’an. By so doing we will be able to determine which of the two is more consistent and more logical.

One Muslim adherent commented in our website that Christians and Muslims should be able to exchange ideas in a civilized way. He says that what we say in private should be brought out in public.

The Qur’an Recognizes the Gospel

Our first step in proving our point in this series is to prove that Islam should accept and believe the gospel because the Qur’an teaches them to do so. Here are some passages from the Qur’an (translation by Al-Hilali and Khan) that declare the authority of the Gospel records:

Surah 3:3, “It is He Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’an) to you (Muhammad) with truth, confirming what came before it. And He sent down the Torah and the Gospel….”

Surah 16:43, “And We sent not (as Our Messengers) before you (O Muhammad) any but men, whom We inspired, (to preach and invite mankind to believe in the Oneness of Allah). So ask of those who know the Scripture (learned men of the Torah and the Gospel), if you know not.”

Surah 29:27, “And We bestowed on him (Abraham) Isaac and Jacob, and ordained among his offspring Prophethood and the Book (i.e. the Torah (to Moses), the Gospel (to Jesus), the Qur’an (to Muhammad), …”

Surah 12:111, “Indeed in their stories, there is a lesson for men of understanding. It (the Qur’an) is not a forged statement but a confirmation of the Allah’s existing Books (the Torah, the Gospel and other Scriptures of Allah) and a detailed explanation of everything and a guide and a mercy for the people who believe.”

Surah 29:46, 47 “… and say (to them): ‘We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you; our Ilah (God) and your Ilah (God) is One (i.e.Allah), and to Him we have submitted (as Muslims).’ And thus We have sent down the Book (i.e. this Qur’an) to you (O Muhammad), and those whom We gave the Scripture (the Torah and the Gospel aforetime) believe therein as also do some of these (who are present with you now like ‘Abdullah bin Salam) and none but the disbelievers reject Our Ayat [(proofs, signs, verses, lessons, etc., and deny Our Oneness of Lordship and Our Oneness of worship and Our Oneness of Our Names and Qualities: i.e. Islamic Monotheism)]”

Surah 6:115,”And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can change His Words. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”

Following are the important and credible witnesses who declare that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. These passages come from the Gospel record that the Qur’an says should be accepted and believed by Muslims. To save space we choose the important phrases and the direct words from the passages that give the clear testimonies about the Sonship of Jesus Christ. Please read your Bible to better appreciate the testimonies. And let your Muslim friend read them himself. We quote from the New King James Version.

A. God the Father testifies that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

Matt. 3:17, “And lo a voice from heaven, saying, ‘This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.’”

Luke 3:22, “… a voice came from heaven which said, ‘You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.”

Matt. 17:5, “…a voice came out of the cloud saying, ‘This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!’”

Mark 9:7, “… a voice came out of the cloud, saying, ‘This is My beloved Son. Hear Him.’”

Luke 9:34, 35, “… a voice came out of the cloud, saying ‘This is My beloved Son. Hear Him.’”

Matt. 16:16, 17, “ … ‘You are the Christ the Son of the living God’… ‘…flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.’”

B. Jesus Christ himself testifies that He is the Son of God.

John 10:36, “…do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’”?

John 11:4, “…When Jesus heard that, He said, ‘This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it.’”

John 14:13, “… that the Father may be glorified in the Son.”

John 17:1, “… ‘Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You.”

John 19:7,”…’We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.’”

Matt. 26:63-64 , “ …Tell us if You are the Christ, the Son of God!’ Jesus said to him, ‘It is as you said. Nevertheless, I say to you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven’”

John 9:35-38, “… He said to him, ‘Do you believe in the Son of God?’ … ‘Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?’ And Jesus said to him, ‘You have both seen Him and it is He who is talking with you.’”

C. Angel Gabriel testifies that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

Luke 1:30, 32, “…Then the angel said to her…He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest…”

Luke 1:35,”And the angel answered…Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God.”

D. John the Baptist testifies that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

John 1:34, “ And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God.”

E. The Apostles testify that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

Matt. 16:16, “… ‘You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.’” This is from Peter.

John 1:49, “… ‘Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel.” This is Nathanael.

John 20:31, “but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God…”

John 6:69, “… ‘You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.’”

John 3:16-17, “For God so love the world that He gave His only begotten Son … For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world…’”

F. Disciples testify that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

John 11:27, “She said to Him, ‘Yes, Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is to come into the world.’”

Mark 1:1, “The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God.”

G. The Devil testifies that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

Matt. 4:3, 6, “… ‘If you are the Son of God…’” (Some translations read, “Since you are the Son of God…”)

Luke 4:3, 9, “…If You are the Son of God, …” (Some translations read, “‘Since you are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here.’”)

H. Evil spirits testify that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.

Matt. 8:29, “… ‘What have we to do with You, Jesus, You Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?’”

Mark 3:11, “And the unclean spirits, whenever they saw Him, fell down before Him and cried out, saying, ‘You are the Son of God.’”

Mark 5:7, “…he cried out … ‘What have I to do with You, Jesus, Son of the Most High God….’”

Luke 4:41, “…demons came out…saying, ‘You are the Christ, the Son of God!’ …”

Luke 8:28, “… he cried out … ‘What have I to do with You, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg You, do not torment me!’”

Muhammad did not know how to read and write

According to scholars, there were many manuscripts of the gospel record existing in the 5th and 6th centuries. The above passages could have been read by Muhammad if he knew how to read the Greek manuscripts as well as the translations into other languages. Unfortunately, Muhammad did not know how to read.

This is the narration given by one author about the literary ability of Muhammad, “According to Muslims, Gabriel said to him, ‘Read!’ Muhammad replied, ‘I am not one of they who can read.’ The Angel embraced him, insisting, ‘Read!’ Muhammad again answered, ‘I am not one of they who can read.’ (The Two Faces of Islam, Schwartz, p. 9).

Apparently, even today, many Muslim apologists don’t know about the above gospel passages which we have drawn out from the Gospel record. Observe the confession of Dr. Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali in this quotation, “ Jesus never called himself Son of God as far as I know – but he used to call himself the ‘Son of Man’ (ref. Mark 2:10) although he heard himself being called by that name he did not object – as assumed in the Bible – and did not consider the title exclusively for him.” (Index page 1027, Interpretation o f the Meanings of THE NOBLE QUR’AN in the English Language). The listed Gospel passages shown above prove that Dr. Al-Hilali did not know many verses in the gospel record. ©

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